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What is a transaction?
In the SAP system, any action you do that changes the information already in the system is called a transaction. This term actually has a business meaning as well as a technical one. In terms of business, a transaction is an action reflecting the daily business of your company.
This includes updates to your master data (e.g., customer addresses, vendor account information, material classification), capturing the flow of physical goods (e.g., goods receipt, goods delivery), or entering documents (e.g., customer invoices, vendor purchase orders, financial postings). Generally, any action you do in the SAP system is called a transaction, even if you are simply running a report without changing any data (e.g., the account statement for a customer or the balance sheet of your organization).
Examples of transactions
Typical examples of transactions are:
Technically, you enter or change data during a transaction and finish your entry using the SAVE button. Once you have saved the data, the system will store the information you entered in the form of a document in the database. Technically, this is called a commit (see Figure 2.33). This usually happens within a second, which is why this concept is called real-time processing. You can always go back to the document and verify the data you entered.
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Author Sydnie McConnell is the lead SAP business systems analyst for a global manufacturing firm headquartered in Colorado. Sydnie has more than 15 years of experience with SAP Financials, both as a business user and a systems analyst. Her primary focus is on SAP Controlling, particularly product cost controlling and profitability analysis. She has worked on a variety of complex projects, including several global SAP ERP and BPC implementations and integrating multiple ERP systems into a single SAP general ledger.
Author Martin Munzel is an internationally recognized speaker, author, and SAP consultant specializing in SAP Controlling functionality. He has more than 18 years of experience working with SAP, both as an external and in-house consultant. Martin has extensive experience implementing SAP FI/CO solutions in Europe, Asia, and North America in the manufacturing and wholesale industries as well as in the public sector. He regularly speaks at international SAP conferences and delivers training for consultants and SAP users. Martin is the Co-founder and Managing Director of Espresso Tutorials, a publishing company focused on short and concise SAP textbooks. He is the author of New SAP Controlling Planning Interface, First Steps in SAP, as well as a number of best-selling German titles.