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Excerpt from First Steps in SAP® Production Processes (PP) by Björn Weber.
Shop Floor Control
For the planned production to be executed and monitored optimally, production orders have to be created. Below I will explain how these are set up and how you can work with them effectively.
Production orders are independent elements of Shop Floor Control. They are used to represent the production run, print production papers, document the degree of processing, record material withdrawals, and to post the production activity required for manufacture.
You can see that the order has an important role for control. Therefore, I will firstly outline basic principles for set-ting up a production order.
Just like a material master, for example, a production order consists of different layers (see Section 3.1). It unites the master data routing and bill of material with the header data. To prevent every change in Shop Floor Control causing an immediate adjustment to the master data, when you create a production order, a copy of the routing and the bill of material is created especially for this order (see Figure 5.1). You can create production orders from a planned order or manually with transaction CO01. The production orders are processed with transaction C002.
Figure 5.1: Master data interaction for a production order
For manufacturing companies, effective and efficient production planning processes are crucial to success. In this book, you will learn the basics of production planning in SAP ERP. Review the details surrounding Material Requirements Planning (MRP II) and the principles of Engineer-to-Order, Make-to-Order, Assemble-to-Order, and Make-to-Stock scenarios. The book is illustrated with numerous SAP screenshots and provides a detailed example of an effective make-to-stock strategy. Identify which master data is involved in the planning processes and how it is structured. Trace material requirements planning and its process flow using detailed examples from the field. Gain an understanding of the importance of production orders for lot-related production and which functions they perform. Finally, learn how to implement capacity sequencing using capacity leveling in SAP ERP.
– Compact handbook for discrete production in SAP
– Processes in SAP PP explained clearly and understandably
– Comprehensive example with numerous screenshots
– Master data, resource planning and production orders in context
Author Björn Weber is a production planner at RÖHM GmbH, the leading global chucking tool manufacturer. He is responsible for planning organization and control, process development, and continuous optimization of production activities. As a graduate mechanical engineer, Björn has sound theoretical and practical knowledge of the PP module, in addition to related MM, SD, and APO modules. He has expert knowledge of process analysis, capacity requirements planning and capacity evaluation, user training, and lean and change management. As an author, it is particularly important to Björn to present PP fundamentals in a practical manner and to empower readers to understand and investigate the power of SAP PP functionality.